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Bruce Brubaker

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"Hearing the pieces from the Codex Faenza and Riley's Keyboard Study, I get the strong sense of being alive -- all those long slow notes in the low register correspond to long-term changes we know are taking place in our life and, at the same time, the faster high notes seem like the busy events that occupy our consciousness." Bruce Brubaker

Codex will be released on Vinyl,CD and all relevant music platforms on 19th January 2018

On Codex, American pianist Bruce Brubaker sets up a clash (or a discussion) between Terry Riley’s Keyboard Study No. 2 (1964) and the Codex Faenza, a 15th century manuscript considered to be one of the very first collections of keyboard music. By putting forth the work of the performer/creator above that of the composer, this back-and-forth takes the listener on a journey that is at once timeless and eminently current.


Bruce Brubaker - introducing new album "Codex" from InFine Music on Vimeo.


Over six centuries ago, at the dawn of the 15th century, unknown scribes – authentic artists or inspired copyists, that we do not know – collected over fifty vocal compositions, some from the previous century.

Codex Faenza Scroll - Constancia

Liturgical or secular, anonymous or bearing the imprint of the Ars nova’s most famous French and Italian composers (Jacopo da Bologna, Francesco Landini, Guillaume de Machaut, Pierre des Molins...), these works were transcribed on two parallel staves, which was unusual at the time and indicate that they were intended for keyboard. Thus the Codex Faenza – named after the Ravenna-adjacent town where it is kept – created circa 1420 and rediscovered in the 1930s, became an object of fascination for harpsichordists, organists and pianists the world over, as one of the oldest keyboard scores to have survived.

Keyboard Study N°2 - Performance Notes

In 1964, in the American West Coast city of San Francisco, composer Terry Riley, then age 29, invented American repetitive music with his In C, with an ensemble featuring Morton Subotnik, Pauline Oliveros and Steve Reich. At the same time, in 1964-65, he would compose his Keyboard Studies, in the vein of In C. Based on improvisation, they are loosely articulated around the free combination of a series of melodic cells of different lengths, giving the pianist the freedom to use them following a freeform protocol. Keyboard Study No. 2, in particular, is noted on concentrically-arranged circular staves, is a series of three- to ten-note fragments, with no indication of rhythm, and which the performer can even transpose in pitch. A prototype of the young composer’s “open form” a precursor of the extra-occidental improvisational practice he would go on to develop under Indian master Pandit Prân Nath.

Fast forward to today, with Bruce Brubaker bridging those two worlds and simultaneously resurrecting two sources – seemingly the most appropriate term in this instance – across their 550-year divide. This is the FIRST recording on piano of Codex Faenza and first acoustic piano versions of Riley Keyboard Study Number 2.


07.01.18 - LACMA - Los Angeles - USA  
31.01 to 03.02.2018 - Festival "Folles Journées"  - France +Infos
04.04.2018 - Moulin du Roc - Niort - France
05.04.2018 - College des Bernardins - Paris - France


Bruce Brubaker Codex LP



01_ Constantia
02_ Riley: Keyboard Study 2 (Brubaker version 1)
03_ Indescort
04_ Che pena questa
05_ Riley: Keyboard Study 2 (Brubaker version 2)
06_ Hont paur
07_ Riley: Keyboard Study 2 (Brubaker version 3)
08_ J’aime la biauté
09_ Tūpes
10_ Riley: Keyboard Study 2 (Brubaker version 4)
11_ Jour mour lanie
12_ Elas mon cuer
13_ Riley: Keyboard Study 2 (Brubaker version 5)
14_ Bel fiore dança
15_ De tout flors
16_ Riley: Keyboard Study 2 (Brubaker version 6)
17_ J’ay grant espoir



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